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Leukemia affects the blood and bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are produced. It is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal blood cells, usually white blood cells. Leukemia can be classified into four main categories based on the type of blood cell affected and its rate of progression: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL): A rapidly progressing form of leukemia that primarily affects lymphoid cells. It is more common in children but can occur in adults as well.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML): A fast-growing leukemia that affects myeloid cells. It can occur in both children and adults.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL): A slowly progressing leukemia that affects mature lymphocytes, and it is more common in older adults.

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML): Characterized by the overproduction of mature myeloid cells. It typically progresses slower than acute forms.

Risk Factors

Age: Leukemia can occur at any age, but certain types are more common in specific age groups.

Genetic Factors: Some genetic conditions, such as Down syndrome, may increase the risk.

Family History: Individuals with a family history of leukemia may have a slightly increased risk.



Symptoms of leukemia vary depending on the type and stage but may include fatigue, weakness, frequent infections, fever, unexplained weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, and easy bruising or bleeding.



Diagnosis involves blood tests, bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, and imaging studies to assess the extent of disease spread.



Treatment varies based on the type of leukemia, its stage, and the overall health of the patient. Common treatments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and stem cell transplantation.



It's important to note these strategies are general recommendations and may not guarantee prevention in all cases. Individuals with specific risk factors or concerns should consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice. Here are some general strategies that may contribute to reducing the risk of leukemia: avoiding exposure to certain chemicals such as benzene and certain pesticides, practicing sun safety, genetic counseling, and preventing and managing infections.

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